The coated abrasive of abrasive supplies gold coast consists of the following components:
The abrasive particles are attached to a backing material that is secured with an adhesive.
Each of these elements is equally important. Grain, support and bonding – here abrasive supplies gold coast break them down into parts.
There are four common grain types in conventional coated abrasives.
Alumina – AO is formed by sintering bauxite and other materials in an electric furnace. The resulting material was then crushed and then sieved through successively finer sieves to dispense particle size (CAMI classification). After crushing, the resulting fragments are naturally pyramidal. AO is a very durable grain due to the shape and strength of the materials used in the manufacture. The grain will wear out during use, and the longer it will be used, the better the grinding effect will be. So, in theory, you can start with 80 grit, and after grinding for a while, you will have to grind 100 or 120 grit. Users take advantage of this feature by using a skin strap on multiple machines or applications. For example, if you have two wideband machines for intermediate grinding and fine grinding, you can use a 120 belt for intermediate grinding on the first machine, and when the application is no longer sharp, you can move the belt to 150 grit. On the machine and use it there until the cutting of the application is not long enough. This will ensure you get the most out of your production and the full value of the belt you buy.
As mentioned above, AO is very tough and durable and can be used in bare wood, most metals (especially steel), leather and many other materials. It is a very good general grain and is probably the most common grain seen today.
Silicon Carbide – SC is made by combining pure white silica sand and coke (a by-product of coal production). Also, these materials are obtained by melting in an electric furnace, crushing the results, and sieving the particles through a sieve to obtain grit classification. The SC grains are shaped like icicles with very sharp tips and narrow grains. Its hardness is second only to diamonds. However, since the granules are narrow, they are very brittle. Therefore, when pressure is applied to the tip of the grain, it will rupture. This feature is called “fragile.” The benefit of friability is that sharp edges always cling to your workpiece, providing extremely consistent finishing capabilities. Due to the lack of grain strength, this causes the grain to break only under hand pressure and therefore has a shorter life than AO or other grains. That’s why when you see the SC, it’s usually in a finishing type of operation, and the pressure required to work is lower than the pressure in the gravel. Materials that are typically ground or ground with SC include glass, plastic, rubber, paint, varnish and sealant. Sometimes it can be seen when grinding on very soft wood like this, but abrasive supplies gold coast recommend using open-coated AO because it would be better.
Alumina Zirconia – AZ is a grain that has the best properties of AO and SC and combines them to make a very durable and fragile grain. Like AO, its main component is bauxite. It is as fragile as SC, but mechanical stress is required to break the AZ grain, and under simple manual pressure, the SC die will break. Failure to obtain sufficient pressure to break the AZ grain will result in abrasive glazing and reduced service life. The best of both worlds, this texture gives you a consistently sharp edge on the workpiece and extends its life. It is often seen anywhere where high removal rates and high time are the influencing factors, including planed wood, reground metals and other size types. It is usually installed on a heavier paper or cloth backing, and the price of the grain itself is 15% higher – the production cost is 40% higher.
Ceramics – There are several different types of ceramic materials, including ceramic AO, ceramic AZ and so-called full-scale ceramics. Ceramics are made by combining bauxite (like conventional AO) with other materials during chemical bonding. The raw grain produced by this chemical bonding is very porous and looks like a coral. The full ratio will be the strongest, the strength of ceramic AZ will be second, and the strength of ceramic AO will decrease. Of course, the higher the pure ceramic content, the more expensive the material. Ceramics were created for rough grinding on metal, but now there are many other areas that need to be polished.
Natural grain color reference is:
AO – brown, pink, white
SC – black
AZ – blue, gray
Abrasive supplies gold coast can add any color they choose to their products by adding dyes to the coats during the manufacturing process. Therefore, you should not rely on the color of the grain to tell you the type of grain. In addition, the addition of stearates and lubricants may make it difficult to distinguish the original grain color. Always choose the grain based on the application and the machinery involved.
Each coated abrasive is bonded to two layers of adhesive during the manufacturing process of abrasive supplies gold coast. The first layer, called the primer layer, is actually the layer that adheres the grain to the backing. The second layer, called gel coat, is a function of bonding individual particles together (so they act as a unit rather than acting as a single particle) and provide thermal protection.
In the early days, adhesives were the only adhesive available. These adhesives are animal based products that are not phenolic or thermoset in nature. In other words, they soften again as they heat up during use. The advantage of this re-softening is that the bond then acts as a buffer for the grain, resulting in a softer finishing property. The downside is that your cut and life is too loose, because the glue does not protect the grain from the heat provided by the phenolic resin.
With the advent of synthetic resins, the productivity and life of abrasives have increased dramatically. The resin bond is phenolic, which provides excellent heat protection for the grain and extends its life. Most of the abrasives used today are resin bonded. When you encounter gluing items, they are usually in the “finishing” category of the product, as this is the most important place for the lightest workload and softer scratching.
Summary – For all the grinding/grinding work you need to do, you should be able to view these components and their components and suggest the quality of the abrasives needed to help you get the job done. From texture to support to bond type, each choice has its cause or reason.
The goal is always to determine what is needed and then to do it in the most cost-effective way. You will find that there is no real shortcut to polishing. Of course, you can skip the gravel, but in the end you will grind the same amount of gravel. If you jump from 80 to 220, you will only buy two grit, but you will use twice as much as 220 and have time to do additional sanding because 220 is not designed to remove scratches of 80 grit. Generally, as long as no more than one grit is skipped during the sanding process, any coarse sand involved should not be over-processed. Please note that since SEEM may save you money on the front side, you will promptly or aggravate payments or other items that may be of the same value as the money itself.
Alumina – a block of hard particles that is best suited for the grinding and grinding of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, wood and solid surface materials.
Silicon Carbide – Sharp, very hard and brittle grain, ideal for polishing glass, plastics, rubber, ceramics, solid surface materials and certain non-ferrous metals.
Alumina zirconia – a very hard and sharp grain, ideal for grinding stainless steel, spring steel, titanium and other hard steel and wood sizes.
Stearate – An additive that prevents loading when soft resin wood is sanded, after the sealant is painted, and when it is treated with soft ferrous or non-ferrous metals. Not abrasive particles.
J-light, soft Egyptian cotton
JF-lightweight, very soft Egyptian cotton
X-thick and hard Egyptian cotton
XF-thick and soft Egyptian cotton
YX-lighter polyester backing
YY-very heavy rigid polyester backing
Fiber – A very hard, strong, coated abrasive backing material consisting of multiple layers of chemically impregnated paper. Mainly used in optical disc products.
A- Very light weight paper – usually only for single sheets or light PSA or hook and loop discs
B- Lightweight paper – usually only for single-page or light PSA or hook-and-loop discs
C- medium weight paper – usually only for single sheets or light PSA or hook and loop discs
D-medium paper – usually only for single-page or PSA or hook-and-loop discs
E- Heavy paper – usually used for stroke or wide belt sanding
F-very heavy paper – usually used for stroke or wide belt sanding
This is abrasive coated abrasive manufacturers